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USApple Crop Update

The U.S. apple production has been steadily growing over the last 75 years, and the projections indicate an upward trend increasing by 6.1% by 2025.

USDA forecasted the total 2021 apple crop to be 3% higher than 2020 crop. With the new information collected at the USApple Conference, however, the current crop is expected to be 6% shorter than last year’s. The main driver for the drastic change in direction is the crop in Washington State, which was expected to be 6% above last year, but now, is forecasted to be 5% smaller than 2020.

Washington State’s crop is 65% of the total U.S. crop, so volume variances have a significant impact on total production.

Besides Washington, New York (-9%) and Michigan (-17%) have the largest impact on the overall reduction. Both states suffered from late spring frosts, and the smaller crop is not a surprise.

USApple Production Estimate in Millions of 42-pound Bushels
USDA 2021/22 Forecast 2021/22 USApple 2020/21 5-Yr. Average
United States 265.4 243.8 258.6 269.0
Washington 176.2 157.3 164.6 171.6
New York 32.1 30.0 33.0 31.9
Michigan 18.1 18.3 22.1 24.7
Pennsylvania 11.0 10.5 9.9 11.5
Oregon 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1
California 4.4 4.4 6.5 6.0
Virginia 4.3 4.8 3.9 4.6
Other 14.8 14.4 14.4 14.6
Main Varieties, Washington State and U.S.
By Variety WA By Variety US
Gala 21% Gala 19%
Red Delicious 16% Red Delicious 13%
Honeycrisp 14% Honeycrisp 12%
Granny Smith 14% Fuji 11%
Fuji 13% Granny Smith 10%
Pink Lady/Cripps Pink 6% Golden Delicious 5%
Golden Delicious 4% Pink Lady/Cripps Pink 5%
Cosmic Crisp 3% Idared 3%
Ambrosia 2% Rome 2%
Braeburn 0% McIntosh 2%
Others 9% Others 9%

A quick mention about the Cosmic Crisp variety:

  • over 14 million trees have been planted
  • 2019: 335,000 bushels - first true commercial crop
  • 2020: 2.1 million bushels
  • 2021 (forecast): 4.5 million bushels
  • 2026 … 20 million bushels (very close to Fuji)

Meanwhile, organic apples maintain their importance for the apple packers in Washington State. Their premium to the packing houses is 8% over conventional apples. U.S. retail median price for a conventional apple is $1.29/lb, for organic the price is $1.99/lb, a difference of $0.72/lb. There is significant interest in increasing production of organic apples.

Apples, both organic and conventional, are part of FruitSmart’s core business; contact us today for your apple needs, especially cold pressed NFC, apple juice.

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